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托福口语阅读材料解析

发布时间:
2020-08-17 14:11:22
编辑:
云娇娇
摘要:在TOEFL口语测试中,尤其是综合口语部分,必须在回答前完成材料的阅读。 那么阅读材料就相当于复习题目要求。 在过程的这一部分中,每个人应该如何更好地完成材料的阅读? 以下小编整理了详细内容供大家参考!

  在TOEFL口语测试中,尤其是综合口语部分,必须在回答前完成材料的阅读。 那么阅读材料就相当于复习题目要求。 在过程的这一部分中,每个人应该如何更好地完成材料的阅读? 以下小编整理了详细内容供大家参考!


托福口语阅读材料解析


  在碰到难懂的句子的时候,希望大家继续读下去,在后一句中找到理解前一句(特别是难句)的线索。

  这一线索就是句子与句子之间的关系。

  因此,准确地把握句子与句子之间的关系就不失为一种能很好地提高阅读理解的方法了。

  句子之间的关系多种多样,常见的有:并列关系、因果关系、递进关系、转折关系和相互解释关系。   Women could and did play a part in this process of settlement. Iceland, for instance, wasuninhabited, and a permanent population could only be established if women also made thejourney there. (后一句的具体事例为前一句提供说明与解释)

  People borrowed more and more money so that they could buy these shares. Because of this, theAmerican people started to believe that share prices could only go up further. (“because of”明显的因果关系)

  Astronomy is a science that deals with all the celestial bodies in the universe. Astronomy includesthe study of planets and their satellites, comets and meteors, stars and interstellar matter, starsystems and clusters. (后一句是对前一句celestial bodies 的进一步解释)

  Previously it was believed that due to the Archaeopteryx’s (始祖鸟) underdeveloped anatomy, itwould not have been able to fly. However, research by the London Natural History Museum into itsbrain developed and that it had good vision and a good sense of balance — all the requirementsfor a creature to be able to fly. (“However”转折对比)

  阅读时,我们可以根据段落中出现的一些信号词(Signal Words)来判断句子与句子之间的关系,掌握段落发展线索,来调整阅读速度,提高阅读质量。

  1.显示相同信息的信号词

  There has been an upsurge of interest in chamber music. Likewise opera is receiving a boost fromincreased record sales. “likewise”这一信号词显示了前面所提到的idea后面还要再一次出现。因此,阅读时见到这样的信号词无须放慢阅读速度。这样的信号词还包括: and, furthermore, more,than, that, also, likewise, moreover, in addition, what is more, for instance, for example

  2.显示思路转折的信号词:

  I’d like to go but I’m too busy. “but”前后是完全不同的信息描述,它向读者显示了作者的思路在这里有了转折。阅读时,碰到这样的信号词我们需放慢阅读速度,以准确获取作者真正想要说明的意思。这类信号词还有: although, however, on the contrary, but, inspite of, otherwise, despite, nevertheless, yet

  3.显示因果关系的信号词:

  As a result of the pilots’ strike, all flights have had to be cancelled. Allflights have had to be cancelled as a result of the pilots’ strike. 所有航班被取消的原因是因为飞行员们的罢工;飞行员们的罢工导致了所有的航班不得不被取消。显示因果关系的信号词还有: for,thus, because, for this reason, so, therefore, as, since, consequently

  4.显示顺序的信号词:

  Internet speeds communication between companies, among co-workersthrough video-conferences, and among other individuals. First, media companies use the Internetfor online news, or to broadcast audio and video, including live radio and television programs, whileindividuals use the Internet for communication, entertainment, finding information, buying andselling goods and services. Second, the notion of distance disappears thanks to the Internet.People also enjoy instant messaging to exchange text messages or pictures in real time, with real-time video and sound. Finally, scientists and scholars use the Internet to perform research,distribute lecture notes or course materials to students, they communicate with colleagues, andcan also publish papers and articles.

  互联网加快了公司之间,同事之间通过视频会议以及其他个人之间的通信速度。 首先,媒体公司将Internet用于在线新闻,或用于广播音频和视频,包括直播广播和电视节目,而个人则将Internet用于通信,娱乐,查找信息,购买和销售商品和服务。 其次,借助互联网,距离的概念消失了。人们还喜欢使用即时消息传递来实时交换文本消息或图片以及实时视频和声音。 最后,科学家和学者使用Internet进行研究,向学生分发讲义或课程材料,与同事进行交流,还可以发表论文和文章。

  抓住了这样的信号词就把握住了作者叙述的顺序,也就分清了相对独立的论据。这样的信号词包括: first, second, third, and so on, then, after, before, next,last, afterward, finally

  5.表示结论/总结的信号词:

  In conclusion, I would like to say how much I have enjoyed myselftoday. 词组“in conclusion”前面所提到的一些信息将在这里被归纳总结。读到带有这样的信号词或短语的句子时,应格外留心注意,它们往往会向我们提示相关段落的核心信息。表示结论或总结的信号词和短语还有: as a result, finally, therefore, accordingly, in short, thus, consequently, inconclusion, so, in brief, in a word.   <<点击领取免费在线课程

  好了,以上就是小编为大家总结的关于“ 托福口语阅读材料解析”的内容,希望这些内容能够帮助到大家,有任何不懂的问题都可以随时向我们的在线客服咨询,更多精彩等着你!


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