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雅思阅读中的定语从句

发布时间:2019-04-13 18:10 来源:朗阁培训中心 编辑:朗阁小编
  为了帮助考生们更好地复习考试,无锡朗阁小编为各位考生整理了雅思阅读中的定语从句。供考生们参考使用。  定语从句皆置于它所修饰的...
  为了帮助考生们更好地复习考试,无锡朗阁小编为各位考生整理了雅思阅读中的定语从句。供考生们参考使用。
  定语从句皆置于它所修饰的名词或代词之后,被修饰的名词或代词叫做先行词(antecedent),而引导定语从句的词称为关联词。
  定语从句(Attributive Clauses)在句中作定语,其作用是修饰主句的某个名词性成分,相当于形容词,所以又称为形容词性从句。
  用作关联词的关系代词有that, which, who, whom, whose, as等,但在此提醒考生们绝对没有“what”。who, whom, whose指人,who是主格,在定语从句中用作主语(在非正式英语中也可以用作宾语,并且用作宾语时可以省去不用);whom是宾格,在定语从句中用作宾语(也可以省去不用);whose是属格,在定语从句中用作定语(有时也可以指物)。如:
  1、The American zoologist Donald Griffin, who was largely responsible for the discovery of sonar in bats, coined the term ‘echolocation' to cover both sonar and radar, whether used by animals or by human instruments.(主格关系代词who在从句中作主语)
  2、The man who he talked about is a professor.(在非正式英语中who代替了whom,也可以省去不用)
  3、He doesn't like the girl whom you refer to.(宾格关系代词whom在从句中用作宾语,也可以省去不用)
  4、The children whose parents give priority to work may feel lonely and alienated.(属格关系代词whose在定语从句中用作定语,指人)
  which在从句中也可以被用作定语和表语。如:
  1、His money had been stolen, which news annoyed him.(关系代词which在定语从句中用作定语)
  2、They were completely mistrusted, which in fact, they were.(关系代词which在定语从句中用作表语)
  关系代词在从句中用作介词宾语时,介词可以位于从句之首,也可以位于从句之末。但以位于从句之首较为正式。如:
  1、This has been encouraged through programs of language classes fro children and through ‘apprentice' scheme, in which the endangered language is used as the medium of instruction to teach people a traditional skill.(关系代词which在定语从句中用作介词in的宾语,介词位于定语从句之首,即which之前)
  2、This has been encouraged through programs of language classes fro children and through ‘apprentice' scheme, which the endangered language is used as the medium of instruction to teach people a traditional skill in.(介词in位于定语从句之首,which在此可以省去)
  像during, except或者表示分割作用的of等介词通常放在关系代词的前面。如:
  1、The years during which he was away were long years to her.
  2、He wrote many books, some of which you will read some day.
  关系代词who和that用作介词宾语时,介词须置于句末。如:
  1、The writer you referred to was an unknown writer.(关系代词who用作介词to的宾语,介词to须位于定语从句之末,who在口语中可以省去)
  2、This is the problem that he has been complaining about.(关系代词that用作介词about的宾语,介词about须位于定语从句之末)
  以上就是无锡朗阁小编为大家整理的雅思阅读中的定语从句。预祝大家在考试中取得好成绩!烤鸭们,加油!
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