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雅思听力中的常见关键词

发布时间:2019-09-03 15:26 来源:朗阁培训中心 编辑:朗阁小编
今天,就带大家来了解一下雅思听力中的常见关键词,还不了解的同学可以看一看接下来的文章,希望这些内容能够帮助到大家!

  今天,就带大家来了解一下雅思听力中的常见关键词,还不了解的同学可以看一看接下来的文章,希望这些内容能够帮助到大家!

 

雅思听力中的常见关键词

 

  图书馆场景是雅思听力中颇为经典的场景之一。在图书馆相关场景的听力材料中,同学们需要掌握与图书馆职能、借阅流程、常见馆藏书本相关的词汇。如果该场景以对话形式出现,一般发生在图书馆的前台 (reception/circulation desk),由学生与图书馆管理员(librarian)展开对话。

  1.Periodicals

  意为“期刊”,每一期被称为“issue”,如current issue表示“现刊,现期杂志”,back issue表示“过期刊物”。同一期的每个复印本被称为“copy”,如a copy of journal 表示“一份刊物”。

  请看一道剑桥雅思填空题。

  Current issues of periodicals are available at both libraries, although 25..........issues are only available at Fordham.

  答案:back

  定位原文:

  S: You haven't mentioned periodicals.

  Are they held at both sites?

  L: Current issues, yes. But if you want to look at back issues, you need to use the CD-ROM databases(数据库)which are held here at Fordham.

  解题思路:本题为题干原词重现,难度不大。back issue指的是过期的报刊杂志。

  2.Reference

  名词,在图书馆场景中多指“参考书”。

  请看一道剑桥雅思填空题。

  The libraries on both sites provide internet access and have a variety of ........materials on education.

  答案:reference

  定位原文:

  Student: And is there any difference between the two libraries?

  Librarian: Not in terms of their facilities, access to online databases and the Internet is available at both sites and each site has a range of reference materials on education.

  解题思路:本题难度中等,此处a variety of 和原文的 a range of 是同义替换。

  3.Textbook

  名词,意为 “教材,课本”。跟期刊、参考书一样,是图书馆较常见的藏书类型。

  请看一道剑桥雅思填空题。

  The Castle Road library has books on sociology, together with ............and other resources.

  答案:textbooks

  定位原文:

  L: But the Castle Road site has books on the sociology of education, and a collection of textbooks and teaching resources covering most of the subjects taught in secondary schools.

  解题思路:本题只要留意定位词,textbooks这个答案很容易得出,但注意拼写时不能漏掉名词复数结尾的 “s”。原文中的collection在此处指的是 “馆藏”。

  4.Overdue

  形容词,意为 “逾期的,过期未付的”。A overdue book 意为 “逾期未还的图书”。

  Renewal

  名词,意为 “更新,恢复,续约”。图书馆场景中表示 “续借”;动词为renew。

  请看剑桥雅思中的一道问答题。

  Which books cannot be renewed by telephone or email?

  答案:overdue books/ones

  定位原文:

  L: The borrowing period(借阅期限) is one month, but of course the books can be renewed. You can renew any item a maximum of three times.

  S: Do I have to come to the library to do that?

  L: No, you can do it by telephone or email, but you can't renew overdue books this way, and only before or on the due date(还书日) stamped in the book.

  解题思路:原文明确说明,超期未还的书是不能够通过电话或者邮件续借的。

  5.Recall

  作动词与recollect同义,表示 “回忆,想起”。在图书馆场景中,意为 “召回(藏书)”。

  请看一道剑桥雅思问答题。

  How much time is allowed to return recalled books?

  答案:7 working days

  定位原文:

  sometimes an item is quested by another borrower, in which case we'd send you a letter, and you'd have to return the book within seven working days. Don't forget we're closed on Sundays.

  解题思路:此段并不能在原文中听到定位词,但原文中只有出现 “7 working days”这一个表示时间短语。

  以上就是为各位小伙伴带来的雅思听力中的常见关键词,同时也可以多来我们的朗阁英语官网看看哦!

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